International Journal of Arts, Sciences and Education https://www.ijase.org/index.php/ijase <p>International Journal of Arts, Sciences and Education(IJASE) with ISSN 2799-1091 (online) is an international refereed- abstracted , peer-reviewed and online open-access journal that publishes quality papers in the fields of arts, natural or applied sciences, social sciences, science and mathematics education, and pedagogical practices in both basic and higher education. It is an international journal that aims to disseminate scientific, innovative, and creative outputs of researchers, scholars, academicians, professionals, teachers, and students engaged in their respective fields. The grail of the journal is to dispense a thrust for academicians, professors, mentors, and all academic counterparts as they share their insights, views, theories, issues, and results in the areas of arts, sciences, and education. Articles are published in English and Filipino languages.</p> en-US Sun, 30 Jun 2024 16:30:02 +0000 OJS 3.3.0.6 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Early Language Literacy and Numeracy (ELLN) and the National Achievement Test (NAT) Performance of Learners in MIMAROPA https://www.ijase.org/index.php/ijase/article/view/340 <p>This study aims to determine the contribution of the ELLN program to the academic performance of learners in the MIMAROPA region, as measured by the National Achievement Test (NAT) scores. Specifically, it seeks to ascertain the extent of this contribution. Quantitative data was collected through questionnaires and historical records, complemented by qualitative insights from focused-group discussions. Thematic and statistical analyses were employed to examine the data. The study revealed significant improvements in learners’ skills across the seven school divisions in the MIMAROPA region, particularly in language literacy and numeracy. Despite variations in implementation effectiveness, the ELLN program consistently fostered skills development among learners, indicating its positive impact on academic achievement. Moreover, the ELLN program has contributed positively to the academic performance o learners in the MIMAROPA region. However, ongoing efforts are needed to address challenges and ensure sustained program effectiveness. This research offers valuable insights for policymakers and educators to enhance early c</p> Francis L. Pacia Copyright (c) 2024 International Journal of Arts, Sciences and Education https://www.ijase.org/index.php/ijase/article/view/340 Sun, 30 Jun 2024 00:00:00 +0000 CULTURE-BASED INTEGRATION IN TEACHING SOCIAL STUDIES SUBJECT AMONG SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS https://www.ijase.org/index.php/ijase/article/view/350 <p><strong>ABSTRACT</strong></p> <p><strong> </strong></p> <p>The integration of Indigenous People's Education (IPEd) into the curriculum is crucial, especially in regions like the Cordillera Administrative Area of the Philippines, home to diverse indigenous communities. With culture and indigenous knowledge systems being integral to the educational process, teachers serve as pivotal implementers of culturally responsive pedagogy. However, ensuring effective integration presents challenges, particularly in diverse settings such as Santa Maria National High School in Alfonso Lista District. This study aimed to determine the current context of Indigenous People’s Education (IPEd) in the Social Studies subjects of the Secondary School students at Sta. Maria National High School. The study employs a descriptive research design, utilizing quantitative approach to examine the integration of Indigenous Peoples Education (IPEd) in teaching Social Studies. Quantitative methods, including descriptive design, measure the extent of integration across various teaching aspects. The instrument undergo validation and reliability testing. Statistical tools were used for quantitative analysis. Participants were purposively selected. The study on the integration of Indigenous Peoples' Education (IPEd) within Social Studies curricula reveals that both learners and teachers perceive IPEd as beneficial, although teachers tend to underestimate the cultural integration compared to students. This highlights the importance of incorporating student feedback for assessing the effectiveness of IPEd integration. Based on the findings, it is recommended that the social studies teachers were advised to further empower themselves with training and resources to enhance cultural integration, ensuring that both teachers and students continue to benefit from its effective utilization. Educators should reflect on their teaching methods and acknowledge the significant impact they have on student progress. Implementing feedback mechanisms and collaborative discussions could help align perceptions and enhance cultural inclusivity. Finally, teachers should diversify their use of IPEd resources and incorporate more reflection and project-based learning activities to deepen student engagement and understanding of social sciences.</p> <p> </p> <p><strong>Keywords: </strong><em>Indigenous Peoples Education (IPEd), Social Sciences, Cultural Integration, Cultural Relevance, and Teacher Pedagogy</em></p> <p><br /><strong><br /></strong></p> Mario P. Tamana, Uzman Copyright (c) 2024 International Journal of Arts, Sciences and Education https://www.ijase.org/index.php/ijase/article/view/350 Sun, 30 Jun 2024 00:00:00 +0000 WORK VALUES OF FACULTY MEMBERS IN COLLEGE OF EDUCATION ISABELA STATE UNIVERSITY-MAIN CAMPUS https://www.ijase.org/index.php/ijase/article/view/334 <p><strong>Abstract</strong></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; This descriptive-correlation study primarily aimed to determine the work values of the faculty members of the College of Education at Isabela State University-Main Campus. Specifically, it sought to (1) determine the profile of the faculty based on their sex, age; and number of years in teaching; (2) determine the perceived work values of the faculty as to their professional growth, interpersonal relationship; and Social Environment; and (3) analyze the relationship between the profile of the faculty and their perceived work values. The research instrument was adapted from the study of Recobo (2017). Frequency counts, percentage and mean and Pearson r were used in treating the gathered data. The following conclusions were derived (1) the respondents were dominated by female, most of the respondents belong to the age bracket from 31-40 or 39.4%, Most of the respondents were in the teaching profession for 11-15 years. All the indicators under professional growth were rated “Very Important” by the faculty in college of education. Most of the statement-indicators under interpersonal relationship were perceived “very important” by the respondents. Majority of the statement-indicators under social environment perceived “Very important “by the respondents. The age, and number of years in teaching profession of the faculty made a significant impact on some of the faculty’s work values. However, their sex as related to work values has no significant relationship with most of the faculty work values. Based on the findings, the study recommends the faculty of the College of Education to continue working on the areas which need more output for continuous improvement of the college’ performance and other mechanism in the college. Likewise, the university may spearhead activities or programs that may further enhance the performance of the work values of their faculty and future researchers may replicate this study, the profile other than those used in this study like recognitions and number of seminars attended by the respondents may be used to better understand its relationship to the work values of the faculty.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><em>Keywords: work values, interpersonal relationship, professional growth, social environment</em></p> Mario Tamana Copyright (c) 2024 International Journal of Arts, Sciences and Education https://www.ijase.org/index.php/ijase/article/view/334 Sun, 30 Jun 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Coping Mechanisms of Mathematics Students During the COVID-19 Pandemic https://www.ijase.org/index.php/ijase/article/view/365 <p><em>This study aims to explore and understand the coping mechanisms of Mathematics students during the COVID-19 pandemic to craft interventions for adaptive instruction in mathematics. It specifically sought to identify the challenges students faced with Mathematics education during the pandemic, investigate how tertiary students coped with learning Mathematics during this period, and determine the necessary interventions to improve Mathematics education under these circumstances. This study employed a qualitative, phenomenological research design to explore the challenges and coping mechanisms of Mathematics students during the pandemic. In-depth face-to-face and phone interviews were conducted to uncover the underlying meanings and emotions associated with the participants’ coping strategies. The qualitative data collected from these interviews were analyzed using Braun and Clarke’s Thematic Analysis.</em></p> <p><em>The findings indicate that</em><em> during the COVID-19 pandemic, students encountered significant challenges in online mathematics education due to technological issues, distractions, and difficulties with digital literacy, which they addressed through strategies like using mobile data, finding better signal areas, and creating quieter study spaces. Despite their efforts, many faced frustration and decreased motivation, exacerbated by barriers to communication and collaboration with peers and teachers, highlighting the importance of effective time management and support from their community. </em></p> <p><em>This research project holds significance as it offers crucial insights into the challenges faced by Mathematics students and their coping mechanisms amidst the COVID-19 pandemic. These insights are pivotal for developing effective intervention programs and support systems aimed at sustaining educational continuity and ensuring quality during future crises. Furthermore, the findings will inform the implementation of resilient and adaptable educational practices tailored to meet the diverse needs of students in times of uncertainty.</em></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Mark Anthony Soriano Copyright (c) 2024 International Journal of Arts, Sciences and Education https://www.ijase.org/index.php/ijase/article/view/365 Sun, 30 Jun 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Knowledge in Sustainable Development Goals of Teacher Education Students in Isabela State University https://www.ijase.org/index.php/ijase/article/view/348 <p>This study was conducted to determine the extent of knowledge in Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) of teacher education students in Isabela State University. The study also sought if teacher education students’ knowledge of SDGs is different based on their sex, field of specialization, and year level. The study adopted a survey research methodology to determine students' knowledge of SDGs. Respondents consisted of three-hundred sixty-one (361) teacher education students across selected campuses of Isabela State University. Descriptive statistics showed the respondents have high knowledge in SDGs.&nbsp; Using T-test and F-test, results revealed that there is no significant difference in their knowledge of SDGs between sexes. Between their field of specializations and year levels, differences in their knowledge are significant. Findings suggest that&nbsp; need to strengthen the integration of SDG-content into all fields of specialization under the teacher education program and&nbsp; the need set up mentorship programs and opportunities where the seniors can help guide the juniors in understanding the concepts of SDGs.</p> Joshua Jimenez, Prof. Nilda O. Babaran, PhD Copyright (c) 2024 International Journal of Arts, Sciences and Education https://www.ijase.org/index.php/ijase/article/view/348 Sun, 30 Jun 2024 00:00:00 +0000 JOB SATISFACTION AND PERFORMANCE OF JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL SOCIAL STUDIES TEACHERS https://www.ijase.org/index.php/ijase/article/view/332 <p><strong>Abstract</strong></p> <p>This descriptive-correlation study primarily aimed to determine the job satisfaction and performance among the Junior High School Social Studies Teachers on various dimensions, namely working conditions, interpersonal relationships, and policies and supervision. The respondents used the most recent Individual Performance Commitment and Review Form (IPCRF) to assess the performance of teachers. Likewise, to examine how teachers' job satisfaction varies when categorized based on their demographic profiles. Also, to investigate any possible connections between teachers' job satisfaction and their performance as measured by IPCRF evaluation. The findings showed that majority of the respondents are 26-30 years old, females, who are in the teaching profession for 3-4 years. The Teacher respondents rated all seven areas under working condition as “Moderate satisfied”. However, some statement indicators under Interpersonal relationship and School Policies and Supervision were rated “Highly satisfied by the respondents. The level of performance of the Teachers based on their Individual Performance Commitment and Review Form (IPCRF) is “Outstanding”. The teachers age profile and length of service has a significant difference in terms of Teachers’ job satisfaction as to school policies and supervision. There is no significant difference in the teachers’ job satisfaction in terms of working conditions, interpersonal relationships, school policies and supervision, when they are grouped according to their gender and length of service. The study recommends that schools may create a supportive working environment where teachers feel valued, respected, and empowered. This can be achieved through transparent communication, opportunities for professional development, and a culture of collaboration. Also, teachers should maintain their best practices and find other ways to improve their working condition and interpersonal relationship.</p> <p><em>KEYWORD: Job Performance, Job Satisfaction, Teacher, Commitment</em></p> Mario P. Tamana, Julie Ann P. Sanchez Copyright (c) 2024 International Journal of Arts, Sciences and Education https://www.ijase.org/index.php/ijase/article/view/332 Sun, 30 Jun 2024 00:00:00 +0000 STUDENTS’ READINESS AND ATTITUDES ON BLENDED LEARNING: BASIS FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF A FLIPPED-CLASSROOM LANGUAGE MATERIAL https://www.ijase.org/index.php/ijase/article/view/360 <p>This paper investigates students' attitudes and readiness for blended learning. It explores how prepared students are for this kind of learning as well as how they feel about language learning that takes place in flipped classrooms. It employed descriptive quantitative research design and based on the results, the respondents have positive attitudes on blended learning finding it flexible and engaging, and they are already ready to this new kind of teaching-learning environment. Thus, these students are generally familiar with and at ease with the required technology tools and platforms, indicating a moderate to high degree of preparation for blended learning. This positive attitudes and preparedness provide a strong basis for the creation of customized language resources that maximize blended learning's advantages.</p> Ma. Theresa Eustaquio, Genalyn Gannaban Copyright (c) 2024 International Journal of Arts, Sciences and Education https://www.ijase.org/index.php/ijase/article/view/360 Sun, 30 Jun 2024 00:00:00 +0000 The Design, Development and Testing of Human Resource Information System (HRIS) for CSU Aparri https://www.ijase.org/index.php/ijase/article/view/344 <p>The traditional method of managing human resources involves manual processes that are prone to inefficiencies, errors, and delays, requiring substantial time and effort to maintain. This issue significantly affects the administrative functions of human resource officer within the campus, resulting in decreased productivity and employee dissatisfaction. The project titled "Design, Development, and Testing of a Human Resource Information System (HRIS) for Cagayan State University - Aparri Campus" addresses these challenges by providing a web-based HRIS that streamlines HR functions and enhances operational efficiency. The system is designed for quick data entry and retrieval, providing a more organized and efficient means of managing personnel records. The Agile Development Model, implemented within the established framework of the System Development Life Cycle (SDLC) was used. The assessment of the HRIS developed at CSU Aparri shows it as a robust and effective system, meeting ISO 25010:2011 standards. IT experts rated it highly across compatibility, security, usability, functionality, performance stability, maintainability, and portability. Compatibility and security were particularly praised for their adaptability and stringent data protection. While usability scored slightly lower, it still indicates efficient navigation and user satisfaction. End-users reported high satisfaction, perceiving the HRIS as beneficial and expressing strong intentions to continue using it. These results affirm the HRIS's success in meeting IT and user needs, highlighting its reliability, security, and overall effectiveness, with room for further usability enhancements. The application ultimately contributes to better decision-making and improved administrative efficiency.</p> Ferdinand Liquigan, Billy Javier Copyright (c) 2024 International Journal of Arts, Sciences and Education https://www.ijase.org/index.php/ijase/article/view/344 Sun, 30 Jun 2024 00:00:00 +0000 IMPROVING THE COMPETENCE OF GRADE 9 STUDENTS ON THE CONCEPT OF DEMAND THROUGH SIM-BAHAN https://www.ijase.org/index.php/ijase/article/view/321 <p><em>Learners have had difficulty in grasping necessary knowledge regarding the concept of demand in conventional way of teaching. Thus, this study aimed to assess the effectiveness of Strategic Intervention Material (SIM) with &nbsp;Barkada sa Tahanan in improving on one of the least mastered competencies of Grade 9 students' which on the concept of demand. Strategic Intervention Material, a teacher-made tool, was employed to supplement regular teaching and enhance competency-based skills. Buddy system was employed to make the learning more engaging and fun. A True Experimental design was utilized, involving two groups to establish causality. The experimental group which composed of 40 students from Grade 9 Love, experienced the intervention, while the control group which consisted of 39 students from Grade 9 Charity where in it followed conventional way of teaching. Participants were enrolled in Claveria Rural and Vocational School during School Year 2022-2023.Various analyses were used, including Mean and standard deviation to gauge pretest and posttest scores of both groups, T-test to identify significant differences, Independent Sample T-test to compare control and experimental groups, and Paired Sample t-test to assess changes within the experimental group. Cohen’s D measured the impact of Strategic Intervention Material with peer tutoring on the concept of demand. Results indicated notable enhancement in Grade 9 learners' competence after utilizing the intervention. Statistical analyses confirmed significant differences between pretest and posttest scores. The intervention demonstrated a substantial effect size on learners' competence. Recommendations include devising action plans to sustain Strategic Intervention Materials’ development and usage. Furthermore, Araling Panlipunan teachers, particularly Economics teachers, are encouraged to adopt and disseminate the approach for broader implementation.</em></p> JAYLORD PASCUA Copyright (c) 2024 International Journal of Arts, Sciences and Education https://www.ijase.org/index.php/ijase/article/view/321 Sun, 30 Jun 2024 00:00:00 +0000 PRONOUNCIATION AND ENUNCIATION OF IBANAG LANGUAGE https://www.ijase.org/index.php/ijase/article/view/356 <p>Abstract</p> <p>Since Ibanag is spoken in various local communities in the provinces of Isabela and Cagayan, they are truly remarkable in the use of the language whether spoken or written. Due to the length of many Ibanag word, which are the result of suffixes and additions, due to the difference in stress and pronunciation in words that have the same letter but differs in meaning and function in sentence, it often happens that there are not just one but up to two or three stress in a word. The use of the stress cannot be avoided, Ibanag language must be prepared to be clear to the knowledge of non-Ibanag who will use it. The main purpose of this research is to assess the correct pronunciation of the Ibanag words and to determine the problem in codification of the written and spoken Ibanag language. In this study, the descriptive method was used to analyzed the pronunciation of Ibanag language that will be interpreted. The qualitative method was used in interview, document analysis and actual participation and observation, natural occurring talk of Ibanag people in different occasions or activities.</p> <p>Keywords: Ibanag language, enunciation, pronounciation</p> Dyan Valdepeñas Copyright (c) 2024 International Journal of Arts, Sciences and Education https://www.ijase.org/index.php/ijase/article/view/356 Sun, 30 Jun 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Assessment of learners’ attitude in Social Sciences and its correlation to their Academic Performance https://www.ijase.org/index.php/ijase/article/view/341 <p>This study employed a cross-sectional non-experimental and correlational design to gather and analyze the data connected to learners’ attitudes in Social Science and their academic performance during the first semester of School Year 2023-2024. A total of 334 students of Isabela State University-San Mariano and Ilagan Campus were selected us using purposive and voluntary sampling technique for the study. Data were collected using a questionnaire designed to assess students' attitudes towards their Social Science subject and their corresponding academic performance. The findings revealed that learners have positive attitudes toward their Social Science subject, perceiving it as fun and valuable for everyday life and for broader context. The attitudes presented by the learners show relationship with their academic performance; when students have positive attitudes toward Social Science and grasp their societal importance, they tend to excel academically. The study highlights a strong relationship between positive attitudes and educational outcomes, suggesting that interactive learning activities, real-world applications, and student autonomy can enhance engagement and performance. Educators are recommended to explore ways to consistently involve learners in classroom discussions, activities, and decision-making on engagement levels. Furthermore, learners, they are encouraged to explore subjects from multiple point of views, draw connections between various academic fields, and apply what they have learned to actual situations outside the four corners of the classrooms.</p> Kayvett Azryll Andres, Nilda O. Babaran, Ph.D. Copyright (c) 2024 International Journal of Arts, Sciences and Education https://www.ijase.org/index.php/ijase/article/view/341 Sun, 30 Jun 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Management Information System for Tracking On-the-Job Trainees https://www.ijase.org/index.php/ijase/article/view/352 <p>On-the-job training (OJT) programs are essential for students, bridging the gap between theoretical knowledge and practical workplace experience. Cagayan State University- Aparri Campus (CSU Aparri) is dedicated to providing high-quality education and impactful training programs. However, the existing paper-based and manual system for tracking student progress and performance presents numerous challenges, including inefficiency, excessive time consumption, and susceptibility to data loss and unauthorized access. The current system necessitates students traveling to submit reports and imposes significant administrative burdens on advisers who must manage and review substantial volumes of paperwork. To address these issues, we developed the Management Information System for On-the Job Trainees (MIS-OJT), a comprehensive web-based platform designed to streamline the OJT process. MIS-OJT facilitates online submission of reports and documents, automated grade computation, data analysis, and serves as a central communication hub for announcements. Crucially, the system enhances the feedback mechanism, enabling advisers to provide timely, detailed, and constructive feedback, thus helping students identify and address areas for improvement more effectively. The system's efficacy was evaluated by end users and IT experts using ISO standards and the Technology Acceptance Model, receiving excellent ratings. The implementation of MIS-OJT at CSU Aparri is anticipated to significantly enhance the efficiency and effectiveness of managing and monitoring student trainees. This system not only alleviates administrative burdens but also substantially improves the feedback process, providing students with better opportunities to refine their skills. By adopting MIS-OJT, CSU Aparri can ensure a more efficient, effective, and enriching OJT program for its students.</p> Araah Francesca Cabalbag, Marie Khadija Xynefida Ontiveros Copyright (c) 2024 International Journal of Arts, Sciences and Education https://www.ijase.org/index.php/ijase/article/view/352 Sun, 30 Jun 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Filipino in the Computer Age: Concept in Computer Word Translation https://www.ijase.org/index.php/ijase/article/view/339 <p>A big challenge for the Filipino national Language isa the arrival of the computer age or the “cyber world” that uses “cyber language”. Its specific purpose is to address what is the concept of teachers and student in relation to computer translations used in translation and the technical and communicative translation method is the main preference for computer word translation agreed by teachers and students. This study covers all teacher teaching computer at Isabela State University, Cabagan campus and fourth year students taking computer subject. This study was limited to the self-concept of teachers and students in computer translations conducted by the researcher through technical and communicative translation.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>Keywords: Filipino sa Computer Age, Konsepto, pagsasaling komunikatibo, pagsasaling teknikal, saling salitang computer</p> Dyan Valdepeñas Copyright (c) 2024 International Journal of Arts, Sciences and Education https://www.ijase.org/index.php/ijase/article/view/339 Sun, 30 Jun 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Assessment of the Campus Clientele Satisfaction Management in Frontline Services in CSU Aparri https://www.ijase.org/index.php/ijase/article/view/349 <p>The paper &amp; pen based method to gather the feedbacks of the customer or clientele that are prone to inefficiencies, errors, and delays, requiring substantial time and effort to maintain. The university's capacity to make prompt, well-informed judgments and adjust to changing conditions is hampered by this inconsistent approach. The project titled "Assessment of the Campus Clientele Satisfaction Management System (CSU-CCSM) in Frontline Services in CSU Aparri" is a new paradigm for Cagayan State University-Aparri, that combines modern customer-focused tactics with traditional educational principles. The system is designed</p> <p>The Agile Development model was selected as the development paradigm for this study, and it was applied within the context of the System Development Life Cycle (SDLC). PHP and MySQL were used in the system's development, along with a proprietary development methodology, Microsoft Visual Studio Code serving as the code editor and XAMPP serving as the local development environment. HTML, CSS, Bootstrap, JavaScript, and HTML were used for front-end development and styling. The CSU-CCSM offers Real-time reporting tools, faster data gathering procedures, and user-friendly digital interfaces. With the move from paper-based processes to an advanced digital platform, CSU hopes to transform how it evaluates, analyzes, and reacts to stakeholder feedback. The transformation not only shows CSU's commitment to innovation, but also its commitment to creating a responsive, inclusive environment where stakeholders' concerns are understood, heard, and promptly taken into consideration.</p> Cedric Sales, Estela L. Dirain, DIT Copyright (c) 2024 International Journal of Arts, Sciences and Education https://www.ijase.org/index.php/ijase/article/view/349 Sun, 30 Jun 2024 00:00:00 +0000 RAS (REFLECTIVE ANALOGY AND SUMMARY): A STRATEGY TO ENHANCE GRADE 7 STUDENTS’ LITERARY SKILLS https://www.ijase.org/index.php/ijase/article/view/333 <p>Part of the string of abilities or skills that need to be developed and enhanced among learners is their understanding and appreciation of literature. Along this line, the researcher explored the effects of the strategy, R.A.S. (Reflective Analogy and Summary), in enhancing Grade 7 students’ literary skills. The study employed the quasi-experimental research design with experimental and control groups of 30 participants each from Tuguegarao City Science High School, Cagayan National High School, and Linao National High School - schools in the Division of Tuguegarao City with Special Science Curriculum. After four (4) online sessions, the post-test was given to the students; since both groups are not normally distributed, the researcher employed non-parametric tests. Results showed that the post-test scores of the students in the experimental group were significantly higher than those of the control group students. Moreover, the post-test scores are significantly higher than the pretest results. With these, it can be concluded that using RAS enhances Grade 7 students’ literary skills more effectively.&nbsp;</p> Vanessa Joy Vecaldo Copyright (c) 2024 International Journal of Arts, Sciences and Education https://www.ijase.org/index.php/ijase/article/view/333 Sun, 30 Jun 2024 00:00:00 +0000 STYLISTIC EXPLORATION AND PERSPECTIVES OF THE TUWALI IFUGAO YOUTH IN WESTERN LAGAWE ON HUDHUD https://www.ijase.org/index.php/ijase/article/view/361 <p>Hudhud is one of the traditions of the Ifugao that is passed down from generation to generation. An ancient and culturally significant ritual among the Ifugao people is the chanting of the Hudhud, which is a rhythmic and melodic recital of the epic poems.&nbsp; Using a descriptive-qualitative design the researcher interviewed 48 students from the Western part of Lagawe who can perform the hudhud. Despite the archaic language that was used in hudhud, it still turns out that there are students of Western Lagawe who are still aware of the theme of the hudhud. Though the student feel so much nervousness especially to those who perfoms the hudhud for the first time. It can indeed provide one with a strong sensation of immersion and historical connection.</p> Ma. Theresa Eustaquio, Lez Mar Luagna Copyright (c) 2024 International Journal of Arts, Sciences and Education https://www.ijase.org/index.php/ijase/article/view/361 Sun, 30 Jun 2024 00:00:00 +0000 KNOWLEDGE AND COMPETENCE OF TEACHERS ON THE INTEGRATION OF INDIGENOUS KNOWLEDGE SYSTEMS AND PRACTICES https://www.ijase.org/index.php/ijase/article/view/346 <p><strong>ABSTRACT</strong></p> <p><strong> </strong></p> <p>This descriptive study primarily aimed to determine the knowledge and competence of Social Studies teachers on the integration of Indigenous Knowledge Systems and Practices (IKSP) in Instructional Planning, Instructional Implementation and Assessment and Evaluation procedures. Likewise, to identify the challenges and difficulties encountered by Social Studies teachers in integrating Indigenous Knowledge Systems and Practices (IKSP) in teaching. The instruments used included a questionnaire on Teacher’s Competence in IKSP Integration scale. The research locale includes all the secondary school in Alfonso Lista Ifugao, and the respondents are the social studies teachers who were selected through a total enumeration sampling. Results of the study revealed that there is a moderate level of knowledge among teachers regarding IKSP integration, particularly in instructional planning and evaluating students based on IKSP. Meanwhile, teachers display competence in instructional design and implementation. However, there is a room for improvement, especially in assessment and evaluation procedures. Social Studies teachers encountered challenges such as aligning the curriculum in their trainings, lack of resources, and understanding students' cultural backgrounds when integrating Indigenous Knowledge Systems and Practices (IKSP).The study recommends that the schools’ division of Alfonso Lista may establish targeted professional development programs and support structures aimed at enhancing the social studies teacher’s capacity to integrate indigenous perspectives into classroom teaching effectively and social studies teachers should prioritize professional development efforts in areas such as Instructional Planning and Assessment and Evaluation Procedures, complementing with the existing proficiency in Instructional Implementation.</p> <p><em>Top of Form</em></p> <p><em> </em></p> <p><em> </em></p> <p><strong>Keywords<em>: </em></strong><em>Indigenous Knowledge Systems and Practice (IKSP), teacher’s knowledge, teacher’s competence, cultural integration</em></p> <p> </p> Mario P. Tamana, Marilyn D. Pagaddut Copyright (c) 2024 International Journal of Arts, Sciences and Education https://www.ijase.org/index.php/ijase/article/view/346 Sun, 30 Jun 2024 00:00:00 +0000 ENHANCING STUDENTS’ PERFORMANCE IN GRAPHING FUNCTIONS THROUGH FLIPPED TEACHING METHOD https://www.ijase.org/index.php/ijase/article/view/328 <p style="font-weight: 400;">Graphing Functions is one of the essential competencies in General Mathematics that should be mastered by the students. However, based on the latest item analysis, it was found out that this competency has low learning outcome. This study aimed to look into the effectiveness of Flipped Teaching Method in enhancing the performance of Grade 11 students in graphing functions. Using quasi-experimental research design, there were two groups, of 39 students each, were given pre-test about graphing functions. The experimental was exposed to the flipped teaching method while the control was exposed to the traditional way of teaching. The administration of the post- test was done after four (4) class sessions. Using independent samples t-test, the computed p-value is less than 0.001. This implies that there is a significant difference on the post-test scores between the experimental and the control group. Also, the mean post- test score of the students in the experimental group is 17.2821 which is significantly higher than the mean post- test score of the students in the control group that is 13.3077. This is an indication that the performance of the students being exposed to Flipped Teaching Method is better than the students being exposed to the traditional way. Moreover, using the Cohen’s d, with an effect size of 2.413682, Flipped Teaching Method has a great effect in the performance of the students on graphing functions.</p> Juvis Gem De la Cruz Copyright (c) 2024 International Journal of Arts, Sciences and Education https://www.ijase.org/index.php/ijase/article/view/328 Sun, 30 Jun 2024 00:00:00 +0000 THE IMPLEMENTATION OF TRIFOCALIZATION IN PHILIPPINE EDUCATION AND ITS IMPACT ON QUALITY, ACCESSIBILITY, AND RELEVANCE IN THE PROVINCE OF MARINDUQUE: A STRATEGIC ANALYSIS https://www.ijase.org/index.php/ijase/article/view/357 <p>Implementing trifocalization in Philippine education, encompassing curriculum development and alignment with local needs, teacher quality and teaching practices, financing educational initiatives and programs, and governance structures and mechanisms, is critical to improving educational outcomes. This study aims to assess the level of implementation of trifocalization in Marinduque and to analyze its impact on the quality, accessibility, and relevance of education as assessed by local government officials, administrators, school heads, teachers, members of the PTA, and students. Despite national efforts to enhance education through trifocalization, a more comprehensive evaluation of its effectiveness locally in Marinduque is needed. This research seeks to fill that gap by providing empirical data on the implementation and outcomes of trifocalization. This study employed a rigorous and comprehensive methodology, leaving no stone unturned in its pursuit of accurate data. It utilized a mixed-methods approach that combines quantitative surveys—triangulated and refined through pretesting, Key Informant Interviews (KIIs), and Focus Group Discussions (FGDs)—with qualitative data analyzed through Thematic Analysis. A total of 279 key stakeholders, including local government officials, administrators, school heads, and teachers, were surveyed. Additionally, 268 students provided their insights. The data collected were then meticulously analyzed using descriptive statistics to determine the level of trifocalization implementation and its perceived impact on education. This thorough methodology ensures the reliability and validity of the study's findings. The findings of this study reveal that the level of implementation of trifocalization in Marinduque is moderate across various dimensions: curriculum development and alignment with local needs (Mean = 2.99), quality of teachers and teaching practices (Mean = 2.66), financing educational initiatives and programs (Mean = 2.59), and governance structures and mechanisms (Mean = 2.73). The overall grand mean is 2.74, indicating moderate implementation. In terms of impact, respondents expressed satisfaction with the quality of education (Mean = 3.15), adequacy of curriculum (Mean = 3.23), and teaching practices (Mean = 3.13). However, the study also identified areas that require attention, such as the accessibility of educational materials (Mean = 2.23) and internet connectivity (Mean = 2.46), suggesting these as potential areas for improvement of quality, accessibility, and relevance of education in the Province of Marinduque. This research is significant to Marinduque's education system and the stakeholders who play a crucial role in its success. The findings of this study, which provide critical insights into the implementation of trifocalization, offer invaluable data for policymakers, local government officials, administrators, school heads, teachers, and students. These findings can serve as a roadmap for strategic planning and resource allocation, aiming to enhance the effectiveness of trifocalization and ultimately improve educational outcomes in the Province.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Keywords</strong>: <em>Trifocalization, curriculum development, teacher quality, educational financing, equitable access, Marinduque, Philippine education</em>.</p> Andres Lubid Copyright (c) 2024 International Journal of Arts, Sciences and Education https://www.ijase.org/index.php/ijase/article/view/357 Sun, 30 Jun 2024 00:00:00 +0000 THE YOGAD LIFEWORLD IN THE MUSIC, COSTUMES, AND DANCE STEPS OF BAILE DE BAKAL https://www.ijase.org/index.php/ijase/article/view/342 <p>Music and dance come a long way in the Philippine history. It embodies the sense of cultural identity to most of our minority groups. This ethnographic investigated numerous elements of the Yogad’s cultural dance, the Baile de Bakal in the Municipality of Echague, Isabela.&nbsp;In particular at Echague, Isabela, <em>Mengal Festival Dance/s </em>mirror/s the community cultural festival of Echagueños (the locals of Echague, Isabela). The study employed a qualitative research approach.&nbsp;It was then found out that Baile de Bakal is a historical performance that originated under the Spanish occupation on the outskirts of the Cagayan Valley region. However, the existence of the Yogads in the vicinity of the municipality does not equate to the beginning of the performance. The performance itself is heavily influenced by Catholic beliefs, contrary to the original Pagan idolatry of the people of Isabela. Certain elements of the performance such as music and costume were not physically preserved as there are variations to the actual decorations and ornamentations of the attire. However, there are clear symbols that are kept preserved by the organizers and performers. In terms of music, marching rhythm is considerably existent as well as the continuing dance steps that are handed down onto generations. &nbsp;Primarily, the Baile de Bakal represents the bravery of Yogad’s life. This is depicted as the reflections of their resilience in terms of coping with the ever-changing society. The elements that are considerably evident in the performance itself symbolizes their utmost will to forge ahead despite conquest to which they valiantly resisted as per records. The researcher recommends that before actually performing the traditional dance, let it be known among the performers of the heritage or cultural background and symbolic representations of the dance so that performers may know its significance by heart.</p> Raul lll Ramos Copyright (c) 2024 International Journal of Arts, Sciences and Education https://www.ijase.org/index.php/ijase/article/view/342 Sun, 30 Jun 2024 00:00:00 +0000 LIFE NARRATIVES OF FILIPINO TRICYCLE DRIVERS: CONTENTMENT, REGRETS AND REALIZATIONS IN THE PANDEMIC https://www.ijase.org/index.php/ijase/article/view/308 <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">Tricycle drivers are individuals who drive tricycles for a living. In this study, it explored the life narratives of ten (10) Filipino tricycle drivers in Silang, Cavite about their experiences before and during the epidemic, focusing on their contentment and regrets in their personal and professional lives. It also examined how their viewpoints changed and the realizations they have had as a result of their particular experiences brought on by the epidemic. Four themes were generated from their life experiences before and during pandemic which were: </span><em><span style="font-weight: 400;">An Early Riser and Late Sleeper</span></em><span style="font-weight: 400;">, </span><em><span style="font-weight: 400;">Challenged Livelihood</span></em><span style="font-weight: 400;">, </span><em><span style="font-weight: 400;">The Need to be Contented</span></em><span style="font-weight: 400;"> and </span><em><span style="font-weight: 400;">Principle-Oriented</span></em><span style="font-weight: 400;">. Despite being common to see on roads, studies about their life experiences are seldom rare.&nbsp; This study advocates for increased awareness among community commuters, governmental respect, and the implementation of intervention programs to support tricycle drivers, challenging societal perceptions and affirming the respectability of their profession.</span></p> Mel Rose Rosal, Evelyn Bagaporo, Teresita Rungduin Copyright (c) 2024 International Journal of Arts, Sciences and Education https://www.ijase.org/index.php/ijase/article/view/308 Sun, 30 Jun 2024 00:00:00 +0000 SOCIAL STIGMA, PRAXIS AND INTERSECTIONALITY PERSPECTIVES AMONG LESBIANS, GAYS, AND BISEXUALS AND THEIR PARENTS https://www.ijase.org/index.php/ijase/article/view/355 <p>Parent’s acceptance is a vital component of lesbian, gay, and bisexual gender development despite the existence of social stigma in their local community. &nbsp;This study focuses on the acceptance of the parents of their lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) learner children at Barangay Lapaz, in the municipality of Cabatuan, Isabela, Philippines. &nbsp;It uncovers the experiences of three lesbians, three gays, and three bisexuals and their parents with a total of 18 participants. This study used a phenomenology design to determine the lived experiences of the participants in terms of acceptance in their context. The researcher utilized a checklist and an in-depth interview to gather the narratives. The learner’s narratives are cross-sectioned and validated with the parents' narratives. It reveals three major themes, a complex interplay of educational priorities, familial ties, and religious beliefs shaping the acceptance process. The parents of Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual (LGB) students use a variety of ways to assist their children in the face of social stigma and prejudice. The result showed that parents frequently placed a high value on education, believing that academic success may protect their children from societal prejudices. The presence of other LGBTQIA family members frequently facilitates acceptance, showing that familial familiarity lessens prejudice and fosters a welcoming atmosphere. However, religious and cultural attitudes can make acceptance difficult, resulting in conditional support impacted by the junction of faith and sexual orientation.</p> CHRISTOPHER A. MARZAN, Nilda O. Babaran, PhD Copyright (c) 2024 International Journal of Arts, Sciences and Education https://www.ijase.org/index.php/ijase/article/view/355 Sun, 30 Jun 2024 00:00:00 +0000